The Reinforcement of Racial Inequalities in the UK Criminal Justice System: A Case Study on the Use of ‘Stop and Search’ Powers
The Equality Act 2010 prohibits direct and indirect discrimination based on a set of protected characteristics, including but not limited to disability, sex, race, and religion (s4 Equality Act 2010). Section 1(1) of the act establishes a duty on authorities to “have due regard” to exercising their functions and decisions in a way that is intended to decrease the inequalities of outcome which result from socio-economic disadvantage. The list of relevant authorities overlaps with institutions in the criminal justice system. Therefore, these institutions are not only prohibited from actively discriminating; they also act have a duty to tackle and decrease inequalities. Yet, the extent to which this has been achieved is questionable. Considering the vastness of the system and the breadth of inequalities, this paper will focus on a specific case study that concerns the relationship between racial inequality and policing, specifically the use of stop and search powers. These powers have been used disproportionately against Black and ethnic minorities, which has caused tension and distrust and has led to ethnic inequalities.
How to Cite:
Zou'bi, S., 2022. The Reinforcement of Racial Inequalities in the UK Criminal Justice System: A Case Study on the Use of ‘Stop and Search’ Powers. Rule of Law Journal, 3.
05 Jul 2022.